Somali-Ethiopian Social & Economic Development Association
It is Climate Change: Not Drought!
The most enduring animal which is the backbone of Somali pastoralist is at risk
Somali Regional State has 11 Zones, 93 woredas (district) and six city administrations. It has an estimated total population of 6,050,920. The region faces compounded hazards and is prone to frequent shocks that have negative impacts on all types of livelihood and food security1 . The recurrent disasters tempt displacements due to drought, conflict, flooding, desert locust invasion. Currently, the failure of the Meher/Deyr 2020 season has observed most of the Somali region Deyr receiving areas or zones. Early Deyr 2020 season cessation had observed over most eastern of the region, which received normal to below normal rains like Dollo, Jarar, Afder, Liban, Liban, Nogob and Korahe zones. In 2021, the rainfall for Gu season far below the average and sporadic while the Deyr rain fall was no show across the region. Compounded to this was Locust infestation that severely destroyed vegetation in the Horn of Africa and Sub-Sahara countries.
Shebele Zone has 10 districts with a population of 746,846. Shebelle Zona has the greatest economic and geographical importance of not only in the Somali Region but also national level. It lies the center of Somali Region along the fertile valleys of Shebelle River. Out of the ten districts of Shebelle Zone, SESEDA has
conducted quick assessment at Elele district that situates South-East of Shebelle Zone. The tragic paradox is the potential richness in natural Oil & Gas resources versus the chronic neglect, marginalization and deprivation that threatens the very existence of the local population. According to the 2020 Somali Region humanitarian response plan, Elele Woreda has about a population of 70,000 of which about 20,000 are internally displaced. However, the entire population of Elele woreda the likes in the Somali Region qualify as internally displaced should be treated as such.